STABILIZATION, GROUNDING AND RESILIENCY PROGRAM
12-20 Week Individualized Program
The Stabilization, Grounding and Resiliency Building Program is a 12-20 week individualized program that has been developed to help clients/family who are new to the therapeutic process, who are suffering from Complex Trauma or who have difficulties with self-regulation. The program can also be offered to client who have multiple diagnoses such as PTSD, pain and other chronic medical or psychiatric conditions. The program is designed to be offered to individual clients in a multidisciplinary fashion, offering a wide variety of practical skills that are based on trauma-informed treatment of PTSD. The program is also based on the meta-model for treatment of complex trauma as developed by Janet in1889 and refined by Herman in 1992. In this model, a three-phase approach to treatment is carefully sequenced to support healing in clients. The present program fits within the Safety and Stabilization Phase(Phase 1) of this trauma-informed model and includes education about PTSD, focuses on management of arousal states and creates a safe therapeutic setting that prepares clients for the more involved processing of trauma that will be dealt with in Phase 2 of treatment(this phase of treatment is undertaken with a psychologist/clinical social worker).
Clients will be assessed for the program on an individual needs basis by a primary psychologist and overseen throughout the program by a psychologist and an occupational therapist. The specific programs outlined below will be offered by professional treatment team at Serene View Ranch and supervised by a clinical psychologist. The program will be tailored to the individual needs of the clients, will be flexible both in timeline and treatment approach and offered over a 12-20 week period. A final assessment report summary will then be completed by the treatment team and forwarded to the VAC case manager.
The following components will be part of the Grounding, Stabilization and Resiliency Building Program.
Persons suffering from PTSD and other trauma-related psychological conditions typically do not have the basic knowledge about the causes, symptoms and treatment of trauma. As part of the Stabilization, Grounding and Resilience Building Program, clients will be offered a number of sessions where they will be taught concepts that will help them navigate through the stages of acceptance of their diagnosis, pertinent information about trauma and treatment of such, knowledge about the various forms of treatment available and a sampling of the wide variety of treatment offered at SVR.
2-Yoga and Movement
Serene View Ranch offers Yoga as part of their adjunct services to help clients with complex trauma and PTSD and is part of the physical exercise component of the Grounding, Stabilization and Resiliency Program. More and more scientific research is being conducted on the benefits of Yoga for PTSD. Bessel Van Der Kolk, M.D. published the first study in 2014, titled “Yoga as an Adjunctive Therapy for PTSD”. He states that to treat PTSD without yoga is “unethical” (Van der Kolk, Podcast, 2016).
Yoga for PTSD includes gentle Yoga movements rooted in Somatics and breathing techniques that can be used off the Yoga mat. Somatic Yoga movements are a way to safely explore interception using the mind-body connection. Becoming a witness to tension versus relaxation, habitual patterns of movement and sensations allow the client to start noticing what their body needs so they can take care of it. They also help the client move out of chronic pain and into more day-to-day functional movement.
Yoga provides breathing techniques which allow us to take our breath under conscious control. Through practice, more efficient breathing patterns are created, which can help one improve physical, mental and emotional issues such as fatigue, muscles tension, anger, depression and anxiety.
For example, fast breathing stimulates the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), while slow breathing activates the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS). In a review of 16 studies published in the NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information), PTSD symptom severity is inversely associated with heart rate variability (HRV), which is closely related to the rate of breathing. Studies have suggested that breathing practices associated with Yoga may stimulate the vagus nerves and increase PNS activity and HRV, which may be associated with reduction of PTSD symptoms.
Mindfulness practices, both formal and informal, have been researched in the US and found to be helpful for Veterans who are working with PTSD. At SVR we have trained all our staff in mindfulness. In turn, each person uses mindfulness in their sessions. In addition, for the last 4 years we have run small group (no more than 3) Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) training for clients with great success. Mindfulness principles and skills will be introduced to clients in a manner that they can take the practice into their lives and determine if further Mindfulness programs would fit their needs.
4-Mental Health Occupational Therapy
Occupational Therapy is a profession that originated as a result of the world wars when returning wounded soldiers required occupation and activity to assist with their recoveries back to daily living roles. Occupational therapists are uniquely suited to meet this objective as they support, assess and treat Veterans in their home, community, or place of work. They do this by identifying the Veteran’s strengths and current deficits in everyday activities and assist them to re-organize and re-integrate into wanted and expected roles and routines.
5-Safe and Sound Program
An Occupational Therapist or a Registered Nurse trained in the iLs method would administer a five-day auditory intervention designed to reduce stress and auditory sensitivity while enhancing social engagement and resilience. iLs is based on the fact that we can change our brain – we can re-wire it through specific and repeated stimulation, a concept known as neuroplasticity. As in building strength and endurance with physical exercise, we are able to build neurological connections and synaptic activity at any age. We train for brain/body integration through a staged approach, starting with the fundamentals of sensory integration and then extending through more complex cognitive functions, including language, self-expression and social skills.
The premise behind the new multisensory program was that these combined modalities, when implemented on a repeated basis, would provide holistic brain training for improving cognition as well as emotional health. The iLs method integrates sound and movement to create a foundation for learning, attention, processing and behaviour.
Safe and Sound is used to achieve better attention, mental acuity and motor coordination:
• Focus & Sustained Concentration
• Balance & Coordination
• Multi-tasking: cognitive & motor
• Emotional Balance, Confidence
• Sensory & Cognitive Processing
6-Mental Health Nutritional Consulting
Through the support of a nutritionist, clients will learn about the significant link between mental health and proper nutrition. Topics such as identifying vitamin and mineral deficiencies that impact mental health, substances that aggravate anxiety/depression, feeding the brain the right food to optimize focus and performance and eating to improve sleep.
7-Exercise and Mental Health
Through the support of a personal trainer(supervised by a mental health therapist), clients will be assessed and offered a custom tailored exercise regime that will support their mental health and their physical abilities. Exercise being a natural and effective anti-anxiety and anti-depression treatment boosts physical and mental energy, enhances well-being through the release of endorphins and support a movement-based mindful practice.
8-Yamuna Body Rolling
Yamuna Body Rolling is a self-treatment of anxiety and muscle tension through the use of body balls. Initially developed for athletes, YBR has been adapted through the years to help persons increase body awareness and work on reducing pain, muscle tension and stress patterns that exist in clients. In this part of the stabilization and grounding program, clients will be offered a wide variety of exercises aimed at working on relaxing the muscles connected to the vagus nerve and muscles typically associated with stress.
At Serene View Ranch, two forms of Arts Therapy will be offered to clients. The first is music therapy, which is the skilful use of music and musical elements in order to restore and maintain mental health. The second is Art Therapy through the use of pottery. This form of therapy focuses on helping clients with self-expression, lower stress levels, increase the client’s self of connection and deepen their understanding of Mindfulness.
10-Triple P Parenting Program
This program can be added to the Stabilization and Grounding program when clients are parenting children or are care givers to children/grandchildren. It is an introduction to the strategies of positive parenting and the Triple P parenting program. Sessions focus on positive parenting, raising confident, competent children and helping children develop resiliency when facing challenges in life.
Biofeedback training is a form of training offered to clients in order to help them measure physiological parameters of the nervous system, such as heart rate, muscle tension, temperature, respiration, skin conductance and brain waves. By using these physiological signs as the source of feedback under the guidance of a trained therapist, clients will learn how to regulate their nervous system better, relax and improve their breathing efficiency.